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An Information Portal to 105025 Biological Macromolecular Structures

 
BIOTIN
 
BTN is found in 90 entries
BTN
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name BIOTIN
    Identifiers 5-[(3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxohexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl]pentanoic acid
    5-[(3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxidanylidene-1,3,3a,4,6,6a-hexahydrothieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl]pentanoic acid
    Formula C10 H16 N2 O3 S
    Molecular Weight 244.31 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key YBJHBAHKTGYVGT-ZKWXMUAHSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00121   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Biotin
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description A water-soluble, enzyme co-factor present in minute amounts in every living cell. It occurs mainly bound to proteins or polypeptides and is abundant in liver, kidney, pancreas, yeast, and milk. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • (+)-cis-Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4]imidazole-4-valeric acid
    • (3AS,4S,6ar)-hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-valeric acid
    • 5-(2-Oxohexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazol-4-yl)pentanoic acid
    • Biotin
    • Biotina
    • Biotine
    • Biotinum
    • cis-(+)-Tetrahydro-2-oxothieno[3,4]imidazoline-4-valeric acid
    • cis-Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno(3,4)imidazole-4-valeric acid
    • cis-Tetrahydro-2-oxothieno(3,4-D)imidazoline-4-valeric acid
    • Coenzyme R
    • D-(+)-Biotin
    • D-Biotin
    • D(+)-Biotin
    • Vitamin B7
    • Vitamin H
    [more]
    Brand names
    • Appearex
    • Biodermatin
    • Biotin Forte
    • Meribin
    • Nail-ex
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance.
    Pharmacology Biotin is a water-soluble B-complex vitamin which is composed of an ureido ring fused with a tetrahydrothiophene ring. A valeric acid substituent is attached to one of the carbon atoms of the tetrahydrothiophene ring. Biotin is used in cell growth, the production of fatty acids, metabolism of fats, and amino acids. It plays a role in the Kreb cycle, which is the process in which energy is released from food. Biotin not only assists in various metabolic chemical conversions, but also helps with the transfer of carbon dioxide. Biotin is also helpful in maintaining a steady blood sugar level. Biotin is often recommended for strengthening hair and nails. Consequenty, it is found in many cosmetic and health products for the hair and skin. Biotin deficiency is a rare nutritional disorder caused by a deficiency of biotin. Initial symptoms of biotin deficiency include: Dry skin, Seborrheic dermatitis, Fungal infections, rashes including erythematous periorofacial macular rash, fine and brittle hair, and hair loss or total alopecia. If left untreated, neurological symptoms can develop, including mild depression, which may progress to profound lassitude and, eventually, to somnolence; changes in mental status, generalized muscular pains (myalgias), hyperesthesias and paresthesias. The treatment for biotin deficiency is to simply start taking some biotin supplements. A lack of biotin in infants will lead to a condition called seborrheic dermatitis or "cradle cap". Biotin deficiencies are extremely rare in adults but if it does occur, it will lead to anemia, depression, hair loss, high blood sugar levels, muscle pain, nausea, loss of appetite and inflamed mucous membranes.
    Mechanism of action Biotin is necessary for the proper functioning of enzymes that transport carboxyl units and fix carbon dioxide, and is required for various metabolic functions, including gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis, fatty acid biosynthesis, propionate metabolism, and catabolism of branched-chain amino acids.
    Route of administration Oral
    Categories
    • Vitamin B Complex
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Supplements
    ATC-Code A11HA05
    AHFS-Code 88:08.00
    CAS number 58-85-5
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Methylcrotonoyl-CoA carboxylase beta chain, mitochondrial   Search  unknown
    Sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter   Search  unknown
    Biotin--protein ligase   Search  unknown
    Methylcrotonoyl-CoA carboxylase subunit alpha, mitochondrial   Search  unknown
    Propionyl-CoA carboxylase alpha chain, mitochondrial   Search  unknown
    [more]
     
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